Electric Cars Types, Working System & Importance
Nowadays, due to the increase in the prices of petrol and diesel, the trend of people is increasing towards electric cars or vehicles. The name of electric vehicles remains on everyone’s lips. People of all ages are attracted to it. But the question remains common in everyone’s mind what is an electric car, and how does it work? What is the mechanism of electric cars? Is this car safe or not? What are its benefits? And which parts are there in it? There are many more questions. Let us tell you the answers to all these questions in detail. You will get important information related to electric cars through this article.
In an electric car, a battery is used instead of a heated engine. Energy is stored inside this battery. And by this, the electric car is run. The battery is charged. There are mainly three types of electric cars.
There are mainly three types of electric cars
1. Battery Electric Car
Battery electric car runs completely on battery, they will stop running as soon as their battery runs out. There is neither a petrol nor diesel option inside it. This type of electric car has the best and best efficiency than any other type of car. This type of vehicle is known as All Electric Vehicle. All the electricity or energy of such a car is stored inside the battery. When the battery is discharged, the battery is charged by giving electricity from outside. The electric motor installed in the car is rotated by the charged battery, through this motor the wheels of the electric car rotate, due to which the electric vehicle runs.
2. Hybrid Electric Car
A hybrid electric car has a battery as well as an engine. The transmission of a hybrid electric car is driven by both the engine and the electric motor simultaneously. The battery attached to it cannot be charged from an external source. In this type of vehicle, the engine is used both to drive and to charge the battery when the battery is discharged.
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3. Plug-in Hybrid Electric Car
A plug-in hybrid electric car has an engine as well as a battery. This electric car is similar to a hybrid electric car, but in this, the battery is charged separately from an external source, while the hybrid cannot be charged from an external source
How does an electric car work?
There is a lot of difference in the functioning of electric cars and vehicles running on petrol, diesel, or CNG. In petrol diesel vehicles, power or energy is generated by the hitting engine and this power itself reaches the wheels of the vehicle through transmission. While the battery is used to run the electric vehicle, energy is obtained from this battery which makes the electric vehicle run. The cartwheel turns.
All the energy is stored in the battery of an electric vehicle. Electric vehicles run with this energy. These batteries are charged. Energy from this battery is transmitted to the electric motor, which rotates the wheel of the car and the car starts moving.
As soon as the accelerator is pressed, the controller receives a signal. As soon as the signal is received, the controller controls the frequency of the DC power through a converter, and when the brakes are applied, the motor becomes an alternator and generates current,
which recharges the battery. It happens. However, to fully charge the battery, it has to be connected to an external source.
As soon as the accelerator is pressed, the controller receives a signal. The controller controls the frequency of the DC power through a converter. When the brake pedal is pressed and the car is slowing down, the motor becomes an alternator and produces electricity. Due to this, the battery is charged back. However, the battery cannot be fully charged with this type of charging.
Main Components of Electric Vehicle
- Battery Pack
- Converter DC to DC
- Electric Traction Motor
- Power Inverter
- Charge Port
- Onboard charger
- Traction Controller
- Auxiliary batteries
- Thermal system (cooling)
Importance of Electric Vehicles
The trend of people of every class towards electric vehicles is increasing. It is also being sold in large quantities. The main reason for this is the increase in the price of petrol and diesel and also the use of electric vehicles is appropriate from the environmental point of view. Electric vehicles also do not cause pollution. In today’s time, the automobile is the biggest and main means of transport. The invention of the automobile vehicle and its modern version has created a stir in the field of transportation.